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WHOSE FAULT (John 18:12 - 19:19) (Kent Smith Notes 6/16/24)

WHO KILLED JESUS

John 18:12 - 19:19

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Milahly Munkacsy: Christ before Pilate (PD-US)

Wikimedia Commons


John goes to great lengths to describe these last days of Jesus before His death.

Today we look at what happened, and seek to determine who is to blame for the death of Jesus.

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THE JEWISH TRIAL (JOHN 18:12-27)

  1. The Key Moments

  2. Peter’s denials

  3. False Witnesses

  4. Striking Jesus & taunting “Prophesy who hit you!”

  5. Asked, “Are you the Christ/Son of God?”

  6. Jesus judged as deserving death.

  • Matthew 26:57-75 A. B. C. D. E. 

  • Mark 14:53 - 72 A. B. C. D. E.

  • Luke 22: 54-65 A. C. D.

  • John 18:12-27 A. (C.) (D.)

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THE ROMAN TRIAL JOHN 18:28 - 19:16)

  1. The Key Moments

  2. Questioning Jesus in the Praetorium in the early morning.

  3. Pilate finds no fault or guilt in Jesus.

  4. Pilate asks if Jesus is the “King of the Jews.”

  5. Pilate offered to release a prisoner; Barabbas or Jesus.

  6. Pilate has Jesus scourged and pronounces a death sentence

  • Matthew 27:1 - 26 A. C. D. E.

  • Mark 15:1-20 A. C. D. E.

  • Luke 23:1-25 A. B. C. D. E.

  • John 18:28 - 19:16 A. B. C. D. E.

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SO, WHO IS AT FAULT FOR THE DEATH OF JESUS?

  1. The Jewish leaders who stoked the crowd?

  2. The crowds who cried “crucify Him?”

  3. Pilate who condemned Him?

  4. The soldiers who carried out the sentence?

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THE JEWISH LEADERS

      Mt 26:59 Now the chief priests and the whole Council kept trying to obtain false testimony against Jesus, so that they might put Him to death.       Mt. 27:1  Now when morning came, all the chief priests and the elders of the people conferred together against Jesus to put Him to death;

      John 19:6  So when the chief priests and the officers saw Him, they cried out saying, “Crucify, crucify!”

      (Mark 14:55, Lu 22:2)


THE CROWD

       Mt. 27:23 But they kept shouting all the more, saying, “Crucify Him!”   

       Mk 15:13-14 They shouted back, “Crucify Him!” 14 But Pilate said to them, “Why, what evil has He done?” But they shouted all the more, “Crucify Him!”

       Luke 23:23  But they were insistent, with loud voices asking that He be crucified. And their voices began to prevail. 

       Mt 27:24-25  When Pilate saw that he was accomplishing nothing, but rather that a riot was starting, he took water and washed his hands in front of the crowd, saying, 

       “I am innocent of this Man’s blood; see to that yourselves.” 25 And all the people said, “His blood shall be on us and on our children!”


C. PILATE

       Lu 23:24 And Pilate pronounced sentence that their demand be granted.

       Mk 15:15  Wishing to satisfy the crowd, Pilate released Barabbas for them, and after having Jesus scourged, he handed Him over to be crucified.

       Mt 27:6  Then he released Barabbas for them; but after having Jesus scourged, he handed Him over to be crucified.


D. SOLDIERS

       Lu 23:33-34 When they came to the place called The Skull, there they crucified Him and the criminals, one on the right and the other on the left. 34 But Jesus was

        saying, “Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing.” And they cast lots, dividing up His garments among themselves.

       Jn 19: 23 Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took His outer garments and made four parts, a part to every soldier and also the tunic

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ARE WE TO BLAME FOR THE CRUCIFIXION?

Our sin made His sacrifice necessary for redemption and reconciliation to be possible.

God’s loving intent is not to blame us but to BENEFIT us!

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We are not to blame, as we did not contribute to the event.

However, God seeing the problem of sin, the guilt of man, His requirement for true justice, and His heart to show love and mercy, all combined to make the sacrifice necessary for our benefit.

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THE TRUTH

JESUS WAS SENT TO THE CROSS BY GOD’S DESIGN AND HIS LOVE FOR US!

Jesus died on the cross willingly in obedience to the plan of the Father to save all who place their faith in Him to receive forgiveness of their sin.

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Isaiah 53: 10-11 But the Lord was pleased to crush Him, putting Him to grief; If He would render Himself as a guilt offering, He will see His offspring, He will prolong His days, and the good pleasure of the Lord will prosper in His hand. As a result of the anguish of His soul, He will see it and be satisfied; By His knowledge the Righteous One, My Servant, will justify the many, as He will bear their iniquities.

Romans 5:8  But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.

Acts 2:22-24   “Men of Israel, listen to these words: Jesus the Nazarene, a man attested to you by God with miracles and wonders and signs which God performed through Him in your midst, just as you yourselves know—  this Man, delivered over by the predetermined plan and foreknowledge of God, you nailed to a cross by the hands of godless men and put Him to death. But God raised Him up again, putting an end to the agony of death, since it was impossible for Him to be held in its power.

John 10:17-18 For this reason the Father loves Me, because I lay down My life so that I may take it again.  No one has taken it away from Me, but I lay it down on My own initiative. I have authority to lay it down, and I have authority to take it up again. This commandment I received from My Father.”


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